Oxfam policy and research
TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR OXFAM POLICY AND RESEARCH
Why is this being commissioned? Why now?
There is growing violence in Ituri and reports of serious human rights abuses are extremely concerning. Mass displacement of the population continues to be reported. Others are seeking refuge in neighboring countries, but borders are mostly closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The purpose of the study is to expose the impact of protracted conflict on humanitarian needs, emphasizing the gendered impacts. It will focus on access to water, food and livelihoods, and displacement for the most vulnerable (women and children) in particular. The report will also examine how COVID-19 creates additional challenges.
It will include people’s recommendations to national, regional and international stakeholders for addressing the causes and consequences of the conflict.
The researchwill also help Oxfam to better understand different challenges, experiences and hopes of women and men in the context of our WASH, livelihoods, and gender and protection programming. It will inform improvements in our programming approach and advocacy priorities, particularly regarding gender justice.
2 TERMS OF REFERENCE
Short (c. 75 words) on the paper’s core argument and policy recommendation(s)
Include specific gender/women’s rights points here if possible.
Conflict in Ituri has had deep impacts on civilians, leaving them unable to access water and other basic services; deepening poverty; causing displacement and loss of property; and destroying livelihoods. In this context of conflict and displacement, given their traditional responsibilities as caregivers, their vulnerability to sexual violence, women face a particular burden. The COVID-19 pandemic has added a layer of complexity that makes the task of providing adequate humanitarian assistance even harder to surmount.
Indeed, the delivery of humanitarian aid was already affected by violent conflicts in the region involving members of both local and foreign armed groups and forces. The populations in need (women / men / girls / boys) were deprived of adequate assistance because the access of actors and humanitarian aid was disrupted by clashes and continual displacement.
The core argument of the paper is that in this context of instability, it is nearly impossible to achieve a significant improvement in the humanitarian response and the situation of women. The paper will focus on the humanitarian impact of conflict, including the access to water, healthcare services, displacement, access to food and livelihoods. It will also illustrate how, in addition to conflict, COVID-19 makes the humanitarian response even more difficult.
The primary solution is to address the conflict and to ensure the views of those directly affected can influence strategies for conflict resolution, prevention and protection of civilians.
List contents section by section, with estimated word counts, including case studies.
Indicate other content proposed, including killer facts, infographics, charts, etc.
How will gender justice issues be incorporated?
Overview of geography, conflict, humanitarian situation
- The number of IDPs in sites and host families, gender breakdown
- Information on the origin of the IDPs, the causes of their displacement
- Testimony and photos of IDPs
- The number of selected refugee camps
- Information on the origin of refugees
- Infographics on the above
- Testimony of refugees
Access to water:
- Access to water and assistance by women and man in sites and host families:
- Impact of conflict on access to water, and gender roles
- identify challenges related to access to water and assistance by men and women IDPs in host sites / families.
- Testimony and photos.
Access to livelihoods and food:
- Impact of conflict on food assistance and small sale food production
- identify challenges related to access to food and assistance by men and women IDPs in host sites families and refugee camps. How conflict and displacement disrupted traditionnal gender labour division
- Describe current COVID-19 situation (infographic)
- Impact of conflict on COVID-19 risks and spread, and ability to prevent and prepare
- Impact of COVID policies on access to services and delivery of aid.
- Gather data and produce analysis on access to the healthcare service by people (women/men) infected by COVID-19.
Perspectives on conflict resolution
- recommendations on durable solutions to conflicts in Ituri based on interviews with women and men IPDs, local leaders, civil society, local authorities, humanitarian actors and MONUSCO.
GuidedbyOxfam’scommitmenttominimumgenderstandardsinhumanitariansettings,thisresearchisexpectedtoanswerthefollowingquestionswithin Ituri IDP sites.
- Do men tend to have more access to water than women
- What are the specific needs of women and girls regarding water, sanitation and hygiene
- What entitlements do women have on Land ? And how has displacement and conflict affected that entitlement?
- Do women tend to participate in Oxfam’s agricultural/small-scale food production programming more than men? Why?
- Arethereanygenderdifferencesinregardtothelivelihoodsthatwomenandmentendto pursue? Why?
- What personal, cultural, systemic challenges do women and men face in regard to water and food production through livelihoods?
- Whataretheexistingandneededskillsandcapacitiesofwomenandmenregarding water access and food production through livelihoods?
- Whataretheattitudesandexperiencesofwomenandmenregardingthedivision ofworkboth insideandoutside ofthehouse?
- Whatistheexperienceofwomenandmeninmanaging and utilization available water and food (from food assistance or small-scale agriculture)?
Which category of person (women / men) is more affected by the impacts of COVID-19?
- Do women and men have equal access to information on prevention and care services for COVID-19? what are the main barriers encountered?
- Researchpaper French, translation into English.
- PowerPointPresentationtosummarizekeymessagesfromtheresearch paper
- Presentationoffindingstostakeholdersworkinginthe IDP camps in Ituri, and to colleagues and stakeholders working with Congolese refugees in Uganda
- PresentationoffindingsandrecommendationstoOxfam Belgium
How will a gender analysis be integrated across each chapter and your recommendations?
The research will consider the needs of women and men affected by the conflicts in Ituri. The advocacy actions identified will help provide inclusive solutions that will benefit the men and women of Ituri, especially those directly affected by conflicts such as IPDs and Refugees
Detail the specific skills and experience essential for this assignment:
A person (Woman / Man) who has:
- A background in social science (Sociology, anthropology, political science) with relevant experience in humanitarian work and report writing.
- Knowledge of the social, political, security, economic and humanitarian context of the DRC, and especially of the province of Ituri.
- Proven skills in writing policy notes based on high level (if not academic) research.
- Experience in conducting research on humanitarian, gender and protection issues based on independent analysis.
- A sense of leadership, responsibility and the ability to interact with civil society and humanitarian actors at the local and national levels.
- Be able to provide proof of a report of research carried out.
- To be able to propose a detailed research / investigation strategy with a work agenda to respect the deadline.
Send application files to the following email addresses:
DURATION: 17/08/2020 – 31/08/2020
Word count please, not pages. Word count includes notes, references and annexes.
Note: extra length increases costs and time in production and can reduce impact.
Max. 8,000 words
|4 SCHEDULE (For suggested timescales, see this guide )||Working days|
|Research, data, case studies and other input due||15 September|
Zero draft due
Include time for commissioning manager or project group to review, if necessary
First draft due
Date, time and time zone.
|Send application files to the following email addresses:||[email protected] ; [email protected] et [email protected]|
Done in Kinshasa, August 17, 2020
Pour Oxfam-Grande Bretagne
Directeur National des Ressources Humaines